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New Role.New Priorities Print Share

Ⅰ. New role of the National Development Council (NDC)

In order to promote a comprehensive national development for the country, President Tsai and Premier Lai expect that the National Development Council (NDC) undertake organizational transformation and re-orientation, with the aim to enforce holistic administration, especially focusing on the goal of giving next generation a new vision and a foreseeable future. Accordingly, Minister Mei-Ling Chen and the team at NDC will make every effort to achieve this goal based upon the new role of NDC defined as follows:

 

1. NDC with macro perspective

Sustainable national development should pursue inclusive growth. Economic growth is not the only priority; environmental sustainability and social justice also need to be attended to, so that people from all sectors of society are able to participate in the process of economic growth and enjoy the fruit of it.

In September 2015, the United Nations announced the “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” (also known as Agenda 30), and laid out the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with 169 corresponding targets to be met by 2030. SDGs aim to mobilize global efforts to promote economic development, quality of life, human resources and education, infrastructure, distributive justice, green energy development, climate change, sustainable development of land resources, and so on.

Recognizing that pursuing comprehensive national development and inclusive growth is an important global trend, NDC will strengthen our capability for holistic policy planning, and make every effort to stimulate domestic economy, while paying attention to social justice and environmental sustainability. We hope that by bringing about in-depth reform and evolution, we can create a nation with fairness, justice, and inclusiveness, and have a better future to the next generation.

 

2. NDC to strengthen execution efficacy of the Administration

Without implementation, even the best policy eventually becomes an empty talk. From now on, NDC is to beef up our efforts to coordinate with, integrate resources of, and assist all ministries to fully implement the seven expectations for the new cabinet set by President Tsai, including: to accelerate implementation of the "5+2 industrial innovation program" which is vital to the transformation of Taiwan’s industrial structure; to efficiently implement the Forward-looking Infrastructure Development Program, so as to spur investment growth across the board; to enhance worker safety and benefits, and preserve needed manpower levels and flexibility during the ongoing economic transformation process; to make a concerted effort to implement the plan to transform the energy industry in order to ensure a stable power supply and make Taiwan a nuclear-free country; to carry through with tax reform, and complete the reform programs already underway; to accelerate implementation of our long-term care and childcare programs, and actively respond to the trends toward demographic ageing and a lower birth rate; to enhance the government's overall plan for national development and to effectively manage program implementation and budget performance, and reduce fiscal waste.

NDC aims to strengthen the execution efficacy so that people feels the good results of the Administration’s efforts.

 

3. NDC with a down-to-earth mentality

Policy formulation and implementation must stay close to the public opinion. To achieve this, NDC is to:

  • strengthen the existing public opinion channels, such as the Public Policy Participation Network Platform, to encourage people to participate in the discussion of all kinds of public policy issues;
  • pay close attention to the trends of the public opinion, in order to timely reflect them in the process of policy formulation;
  • conduct continuous reviews and adjustments of existing policies by establishing feedback mechanisms;
  • go out of the office and go into the public for better understanding of people’s demand.

 

Ⅱ. 10 Priorities of NDC

1. Establishing regulatory adaptation platform for startups

As NDC is responsible for regulatory reform, and that the development of startup community often involves regulatory adaptation issues related to digital economy, it is necessary to clarify the application of regulations (as termed in the Industrial Competitiveness Enhancement Act of Japan, to remove Gray Zone Areas).  NDC has established a regulatory coordination window for startups entrepreneurs, to deal with issues regarding the application of relevant laws and regulations for startups development.

 

2. Setting up a personal information review center

For the benefit of the collection, processing and utilization of personal data/information among government agencies, enhancing the public interest, and avoiding the inability of legal and effective use of personal data/information due to different interpretation of personal data protection regulations by various government agencies, NDC is to take the responsibility of acting as the review platform for cross-ministerial coordination of the collection, processing and utilization of personal data/information to strengthen the links and communications among government agencies.

 

3. Launching regulatory relaxation to remove the barriers to investment

Upholding the principles of creating benefits, streamlining administrative procedures for the convenience of the general public, and with the goal of pursuing effective de-regulation efforts, NDC is to remove barriers to investment by starting with the review of regulations, administrative rules and provisions in financial and economic areas, so as to establish a convenient and effective legal environment.

Under the premise of being in line with the current laws, for the emerging business models not involving prohibitions and restrictions by laws, the principle of loosening of regulations is to give priority consideration to adopt management measures such as through market self-discipline, etc., instead of imposing regulations, so as to give the industries the space for free development. Also, the interpretation of specific cases by the executive authorities as a result of the enforcement of the laws shall take into account the differences between the facts of cases and shall not be construed as a general interpretation of the matter. At the same time, due to the provision "other relevant management matters" as mandated by the laws, at present, the ministries accordingly have authorized the enactment of excessive regulatory measures, which should be loosened up.

 

4. Kicking off the promotion and implementation of development strategies for mobile payment

In the era of digital economy, mobile payment has become a major trend. Currently, the Financial Supervisory Commission (FSC), the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Finance and other agencies have put forward respective promotion plans. However, as mobile payment involves numerous industries such as finance, telecommunications, wholesale and retail, transportation, tourism, medical care and others, many regulatory, technical and environmental issues remain to be addressed. NDC is to play a role for interdisciplinary integration and to coordinate with various government agencies and private enterprises, so as to accelerate the promotion and implementation of development strategies for mobile payment to reach the goal of mobile lifestyle.

 

5. Using open data for monitoring economic outlook

The government, in the course of serving the people for a long time, has generated a large amount of information and documents. Most of these materials are public information. With these data open to the general public, via the applications of the data, the creativity of private sector will help the government with limited resources to bring about opportunities on both economic and social aspects. These include the ability of the government to make sophisticated decision-making through data analysis, and the industry to create new service models and business opportunities.

For example, private consumption is the main component of the expenditure aspect of GDP, which has accounted for more than 50 % of GDP for many years, and is an important engine for national economic development. However, for a long time the Government has monitored the trend of consumption through statistics or surveys. Now NDC is trying to monitor the trend of private consumption, and even the change of GDP, by using the huge number of electronic invoices (up to 6 billion a year) issued by the Ministry of Finance. This effort would help policy formulation by the government. Open data not only can be used in carrying out the analysis of economic situation and research of future economic outlook, but also in disaster prevention and relief, disease prevention, health/medical care, environmental protection, and improvement of food safety, etc.

 

6. Reviewing and formulating high-level industrial development policies

NDC is to reinforce the coordination among ministries in implementing individual industrial innovation programs. With the goal of “innovation, employment and distribution”, NDC will evaluate and formulate cross-industry and high-level national policies as well as innovative industrial policy tools for relevant ministries to follow. For example, industrial upgrading and transformation must take care of both labor conditions and environmental friendliness, so as to expand the distribution of the fruits of industrial development. With focus on the development trend of forward-looking technologies, such as artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, smart manufacturing, precision medical care, 5G communication, etc., NDC is to analyze the opportunity and impact of the forward-looking technologies on domestic industries, employment and economic development. NDC will exert the function as a policy platform to coordinate with relevant ministries to adequately allocate resources for industrial development.

 

7. Enhancing the function of examining infrastructure and social development projects and establishing authority

The examination result of infrastructure projects decides the performance of projects. In order to make sure that every penny the government allocates for an infrastructure project is spent on a timely and quality manner, NDC is to beef up its role in examining and evaluating projects and exercise its authority. Examination of projects is to focus on the pragmatism and feasibility; and for projects which do not meet requirements or may not be feasible, they will be rejected with explicit and concise explanation of the evaluation results. Approved infrastructure projects will be prioritized with consideration of national development strategy and balanced regional development, so as to achieve the most effective utilization of government resources.

 

8. Establishing the risk warning system for infrastructure projects

From 2012 to 2016, for all the infrastructure projects monitored by NDC, there was an average budget of around NT$ 50 billion each year not executed. In order to exercise the function of risk warning for infrastructure projects, and to monitor the performance of projects, NDC is to collaborate with the Public Construction Commission (PCC) to engage in on-site inspection to learn about problems in execution; and when necessary, Task Force Meetings or NDC Council Meetings will be held for discussion of solutions to remove barriers.

(1). Selecting key projects for supervision: NDC is to select key projects for supervision based upon such criteria as past and current project performance (including budget, progress, milestones, etc.), future major milestones, possible risk of not completing on time, or social media’s attention.

(2). Supervision: in order to simplify the work of supervision, NDC is to undertake diversified supervision methods, such as mobile investigation, coordinating for problem solutions, and on-site investigation. NDC would also work with the supervision reporting meeting of PCC to coordinate efforts to come up with solution for problems encountered.

 

9. Building an exit and reprioritization mechanism for ineffective projects

The full-life-cycle management of the infrastructure links the process of planning, execution, completion and operation of each project. The result of an infrastructure project then gives feedback to the preliminary evaluation of annual budget allocation. Meanwhile, the operation of other projects with similar nature is taken into account for evaluation so that the execution of a project can be adjusted and budget be allocated pragmatically. Projects which are considered to be ineffective or less urgent will be evaluated for immediate exit and reprioritization.

 

10. Expediting the implementation of open data and promoting the one-stop smart services government

One of the government goals is to continue promoting open government, in particular, to expedite the implementation of open data and the promotion of one-stop smart government services. On the front of services, NDC has formulated the “Smart Services Government Promotion Plan” and set up the goals of providing convenient services and implementing transparent governance. The Plan is to select issues of people’s concerns to kick off restructuring of the digital government services, including integrated services of social wellbeing for supporting long-term care, one-stop service window for optimizing management efficiencies of enterprises, integrated services for cross-district application of household affairs, and promoting electronic write-off operations of government agencies, etc.

 

Ⅲ. Expectations of NDC

1. To undertake the role of service-oriented governance instead of a regulator.

2. To solve issues of concern to people rather than explaining issues to people.

3. To serve as the chief of staff for the Executive Yuan for policy coordination and implementation.

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