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New Role.New Priorities

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Ⅰ. New role of the National Development Council (NDC)

1. NDC with macro perspective

Sustainable national development should pursue inclusive growth. Economic growth is not the only priority; environmental sustainability and social justice also need to be attended to, so that people from all sectors of society are able to participate in the process of economic growth and enjoy the fruit of it.

In September 2015, the United Nations announced the “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” (also known as Agenda 30), and laid out the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with 169 corresponding targets to be met by 2030. SDGs aim to mobilize global efforts to promote economic development, quality of life, human resources and education, infrastructure, distributive justice, green energy development, climate change, sustainable development of land resources, and so on.

Recognizing that pursuing comprehensive national development and inclusive growth is an important global trend, NDC will strengthen our capability for holistic policy planning, and make every effort to stimulate domestic economy, while paying attention to social justice and environmental sustainability. We hope that by bringing about in-depth reform and evolution, we can create a nation with fairness, justice, and inclusiveness, and have a better future to the next generation.

2. NDC to strengthen execution efficacy of the Administration

Without implementation, even the best policy eventually becomes an empty talk. From now on, NDC is to beef up our efforts to coordinate with, integrate resources of, and assist all ministries to fully implement the seven expectations for the new cabinet set by President Tsai, including: to accelerate implementation of the "5+2 industrial innovation program" which is vital to the transformation of Taiwan’s industrial structure; to efficiently implement the Forward-looking Infrastructure Development Program, so as to spur investment growth across the board; to enhance worker safety and benefits, and preserve needed manpower levels and flexibility during the ongoing economic transformation process; to make a concerted effort to implement the plan to transform the energy industry in order to ensure a stable power supply and make Taiwan a nuclear-free country; to carry through with tax reform, and complete the reform programs already underway; to accelerate implementation of our long-term care and childcare programs, and actively respond to the trends toward demographic ageing and a lower birth rate; to enhance the government's overall plan for national development and to effectively manage program implementation and budget performance, and reduce fiscal waste.

NDC aims to strengthen the execution efficacy so that people feels the good results of the Administration’s efforts.

3. NDC with a down-to-earth mentality

Policy formulation and implementation must stay close to the public opinion. To achieve this, NDC is to:

  • strengthen the existing public opinion channels, such as the Public Policy Participation Network Platform, to encourage people to participate in the discussion of all kinds of public policy issues;
  • pay close attention to the trends of the public opinion, in order to timely reflect them in the process of policy formulation;
  • conduct continuous reviews and adjustments of existing policies by establishing feedback mechanisms;
  • go out of the office and go into the public for better understanding of people’s demand.
Ⅱ. Major Tasks in 2020
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Evolution

I. Regional Revitalization x Innovation = Breakthrough and Transformation

 In order to bring people back to areas where the population growth is stagnant or falling and ensure Taiwan's balanced development, the National Development Council (NDC) is actively matching regional companies with startup teams to utilize new technologies and innovative concepts of digital economy to drive local industrial development:

—Establishing a matchmaking platform for exchanging cross-disciplinary ideas to utilize big data, artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, and blockchain technologies, according to the needs of local companies, and allow innovative advantages of startups in online marketing, design capabilities, and branding to be fully exploited by local companies and to drive their development.

—Helping local companies to gain experience through learning activities and observations, and, in turn, create more touching stories of regional revitalization, which will show regional vitality and facilitate population movement within the island.

—Establishing a platform for sharing and exchanging information on regional revitalization to bring together local company promoters, local communities, young entrepreneurs, and startups to collaboratively share real-time, dynamic news, good exemplary cases, and related media reports to facilitate the exchanges and learning on regional revitalization.

—Optimizing the Taiwan Economic Society Analysis System (TESAS) by including a real-time update mechanism and user-friendly interface.

—Working together with institutions that are responsible for corporate social responsibility (CSR) evaluation in Taiwan and adding regional revitalization as a category in CSR awards, which will encourage companies to pay attention to and participate in regional revitalization projects, leading to greater resources invested in local industrial development.

II. Improvement of the Startup Ecosystem 2.0

Taiwan's startup ecosystem has flourished over the past two years since the Action Plan for Enhancing Taiwan's Startup Ecosystem was implemented, and over 300 startups have successfully raised capital. The deregulation and the development of a startup hub both have also produced concrete results. Furthermore, Taiwan was ranked among the world's top four super innovators by the World Economic Forum (WEF) for two consecutive years. In the latest Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2018/19 Global Report, Taiwan ranked 4th in the National Entrepreneurship Context Index (NECI), showing that Taiwan's innovation ability has gained international recognition.

In 2020, the NDC will focus on the growth and emergence of startups to continue improving the investment ecosystem for startups, including encouraging investing companies to grow with startups through investment, merger, acquisition, and business cooperation; expanding government procurement and investment for startups, and providing more application fields; and formulating new capital market mechanisms that are conducive for startups to go public. Furthermore, we will step up marketing of the Taiwan startup brand "Startup Island TAIWAN" to help startups access international resources and markets. We believe that the success of even more startups will drive digital transformation and industrial upgrades in Taiwan.

III. Precise and Trustworthy Smart Government

The NDC will improve the infrastructure for better distributing government information, and complete the secure and reliable “T-Road” structure to provide citizens with new types of online services. Also, regarding issues that are important for people’s living and well-being, we will analyze cross-ministry data to establish an evidence-based decision-making model to resolve these issues precisely.

IV. International Cooperation on Digital Economy

The NDC will strengthen strategic exchanges on digital economy and trade with important trading partners through high-level policy dialogue platforms such as the second Taiwan-EU Dialogue on Digital Economy (DDE) and the fourth Taiwan-U.S. Digital Economy Forum (DEF), to expand the dialogue and cooperation between Taiwan and the EU and the U.S. on policy issues related to digital economy. Also, we will continue to participate in the International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA) to promote the application and development of blockchain technology in the fields of government governance and industry innovation.

Optimization

I. Utilizing AI to Monitor the Business Cycle

 The NDC will utilize the advantage of having immediate access to large amounts of data, use AI to determine macroeconomic trends in Taiwan, and increase the accuracy and immediacy of business cycle observations, in order to adapt to development trends in digital economy, optimize the financial and investment ecosystem, and strengthen economic innovation and growth momentum.

II. Using Data Science Methods to Analyze and Formulate Population and Talent Policies

Demographic changes and digital talent cultivation strongly affect a nation's overall competitiveness. The NDC will improve population projection, and use big data to analyze births, deaths, and migration for the formulation of population policies. Also, we will use big data analysis to accurately construct the industry demand model for talent, and web crawler technology to obtain information on job openings and quantify mid- to long-term talent gaps in key industries to form a solid basis for formulating policy recommendations on talent training, recruitment channels, and so on.

 III. Strengthening the Promotion of a Bilingual Nation

Due to the trends of globalization and internationalization, the NDC is dedicating efforts to the Blueprint for Developing Taiwan into a Bilingual Nation by 2030, which aims to cultivate people’s English proficiency and elevate national competitiveness. Promotion efforts will be strengthened in 2020 based on current promotion results so that a Bilingual Nation can be developed through collaboration between the public and private sectors, and the central and local governments, and a mix of policy, implementation, and promotion.

IV. Actively Improving Functions of the Regulatory Adjustment Platform

In response to the challenges brought by new business models of digital economy to regulatory adjustment, the NDC will change from a passive reactor to an active facilitator in 2020 to improve functions of the Regulatory Adjustment Platform for startups, conduct in-depth analysis of international practices in response to emerging business models, create the most suitable regulatory system to support startups’ new business models, and strengthen cross-ministry coordination to establish and optimize the regulatory ecosystem for startups.

V. Integrating Performance Data Mining to Strengthen Management Capabilities

The NDC will strengthen performance management momentum by implementing public governance data integration based on "smart", "space", and "simplified management and evaluation"; establishing a management mechanism for geospatial data of public projects, and continuing to improve the performance management system. First, we will establish a government project database through vertical and horizontal database integration, and implementing smart project management by applying big data and geospatial analysis technology to achieve evidence-based governance, optimize the decision-making quality, and complete project life-cycle performance management. Next, we will establish a governmental geospatial management database to provide information on public construction projects, and increase capabilities for decision-making support.

VI. Resuming Zhongxing New Village to Its Past Glory

The NDC took over the maintenance and management operations of Zhongxing New Village's north core (administrative area) and central core living area (dormitories) in 2019 and used administrative functions to activate and revitalize Zhongxing New Village.

—Actively match and give priority to agencies with the need for organizational restructuring and office space, renovate idle warehouses as public file warehouses, and arrange agencies to share office spaces.

—Simplify the Cultural Asset Review Committee process for dormitory renovation; utilize property management agencies to maintain the safety and environment of dormitories to provide living space for civil servants, giving consideration to both cultural landscape preservation and revitalization.

—Maintain the cleanliness of public places in Zhongxing New Village, greening and beautification, and maintain and manage public facilities.

Fundamentals

I. Drafting the New Economic Immigration Bill

Facing the challenge of global competition for talent and rapidly aging Taiwanese population, the NDC will promote the legislation of the New Economic Immigration Bill to relax restrictions on the work conditions of foreign professionals, allow the employment of foreign mid-level technical talent and overseas specialists, and strengthen efforts to recruit professionals and technical talent, in order to gain abundant high-quality talent required for Taiwan's economic innovation and transformation.

II. Amending the Personal Data Protection Act

For the balanced development of personal data protection and applications in the digital era, the NDC has sought an adequacy decision from the EU based on the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). We will propose a draft amendment to the Personal Data Protection Act within 3 months after obtaining a formal evaluation report from the EU, in order to obtain an adequacy decision as soon as possible, and drive the development of data economy in Taiwan.

III. Establishing Open Data Standards and Legal System for Application

To embrace the new era of data-driven digital economy, the NDC has begun deliberations on special law for open data by referencing laws and regulations of the EU, the U.S., Japan, South Korea, and other countries on open data and applications. We will study related issues such as the form of the special law, regulatory subject matter, types of high-value data, and exemptions and incentives for civil servants, in order to activate data applications and improve citizens' well-being by increase the legal ranking of the related regulatory framework.

 IV. Formulating an OGP National Action Plan

A transparent, accountable, and participatory public governance model has become an international trend under the initiative and promotions of the Open Government Partnership (OGP). Even though Taiwan is not yet a member of the OGP, by referencing OGP’s rules and practices, the NDC has formally begun formulating an OGP National Action Plan to be in line with international standards. The contents of the first four-year plan are expected to be completed in May 2020. The action plan is being formulated through stakeholder forums and public-private partnerships between non-government organizations, industry organizations, and government agencies.

V. Relaxing Restrictions on the National Development Fund

The NDC will relax restrictions on the organization structure of the National Development Fund (NDF) by referencing the operational model of private venture capital to bring in professional investment talent, improve investment performance and strengthen post-investment management mechanisms.

 VI. Innovating and Digitalizing the Operations of the NDC Team

Digital economy and data economy are the keys to future public governance and national development, and should not be overlooked. Innovation is the most important engine. In helping achieve the goals of industry 4.0, the NDC will formulate a cross-disciplinary national development plan by taking emerging digital technologies such as A (AIoT/AR/VR), B (blockchain), C (cloud computing/edge computing/cybersecurity), D (open data/big data), E (ecosystem), F (fintech, mobile payment), and G (5G) into consideration. Also, every department and agency under the NDC must integrate elements and concepts of digital development into its daily operations to hasten the transformation of Taiwan into a digital nation. 

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