The Executive Yuan recently announced a “Cloud Computing Industry Development Program” designed to maintain information technology competitiveness and boost Taiwan to the status of an advanced country in the field of cloud computing technology. Calling for the spending of NT$24 billion within the next five years, the program’s aims include the stimulation of N$12.7 billion of corporate investment in cloud-computing industrial R&D and the generation of NT$100 billion more investment in manufacturing and services as well as the provision of 50,000 jobs. Further goals include the achievement of 10 million people experiencing cloud service application and the creation of NT$1 trillion in production value.
The Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) notes that Taiwan occupies an advantageous position in the global information technology (IT) manufacturing industry, with autonomous capability for the production and inexpensive supply of server, storage, network, and other hardware equipment for cloud computing data centers. The island also enjoys a comprehensive information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure and excellent manpower, enabling it to establish a leading position as an information-based society. In the future the existing hardware manufacturing advantage will be extended and supported with integrated system and service of hardware and software for the development of the cloud computing industry as Taiwan’s next wave of IT-industry transformation and upgrading.
The MOEA has also announced three major strategies for the cloud computing industry: autonomous supply, demand creation, and integrated governance. On the supply side, a full-spectrum, highly integrated cloud-computing industrial chain will be set up, entailing the development of client devices, the continued promotion of broadband development and increased connectivity, the development of cloud computing system and data center, and the development of application software for commercial services. At the same time, schools and research institutions will be encouraged to engage in cloud computing system testing and R&D, bringing in investment and the transformational development of value-added cloud computing products and services.
In the area of demand creation, cloud computing applications will be promoted in the government along with the development of a diversity of electronic government services including government-to-consumer (G2C), government-to-business (G2B), and government-to-government (G2G) cloud services, shared services, and co-constructed data centers. The technology and experience that businesses build up during the development of such government cloud computing systems will be shared with other domestic information businesses. Once the technology advances to a certain level it will be extended overseas through the export of turnkey solutions and the provision of teleservices to the Asia-Pacific, Middle Eastern, and Latin American areas.
In the aspect of governance, the Executive Yuan will set up a Steering Committee for Development of the Cloud Computing Industry to handle coordination as well as the implementation of integration and management policy. In addition, the MOEA will establish a Cloud Computing Industry Promotion Office to help domestic companies participate in government projects, link the cloud computing industry and government application services together, and carry out the interministerial integration of services to businesses and the people as well as the use of government resources.
To bring a cloud-computing industrial chain into being, the MOEA indicates, the government will encourage businesses to participate in the development of government cloud computing services and join in autonomous technological R&D in the fields of cloud computing systems, application software, and solutions, as well as the demonstration of innovative applications. A Cloud Computing Alliance has already been established by Taiwan’s information hardware, software, and service industries to combine their strengths and reinforce integration of their high-tech manufacturing advantage, system integration capability, and cloud computing software services so as to bring about cooperation among three major types of cloud computing services: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). The alliance also hopes to form complementary cooperative relations with leading international companies, and with them help to develop Taiwan into a base for cloud computing technology and innovation.
Cloud computing：Cloud computing is a new form of application that evolved after the Internet matured. Cloud computing suppliers use large amounts of dynamically scalable data storage and computing equipment to provide, through the Internet, personal and business users with information platforms, software applications, and data access services. Since the resources are on the Internet and the Internet is commonly represented as a cloud in illustrations of computer networks, this new kind of technology and service application is characterized as a “cloud.”